There is nothing more important to the durability of a home than its foundation. If a home has a good foundation, then any other damage to the home is most likely repairable.
Basic Foundation Types
There are three basic types of foundations:
- Simple slab on grade
- A crawl space
- A full foundation with a basement.
If the property is able to accommodate it, most people prefer to have a full foundation with a basement. There are several reasons for this.
First of all, it can add valuable additional living space to a home. Second, a full foundation offers excellent protection from severe weather. Homes built on basement foundations are stronger than others, especially ones simply built on a slab. Third, homes on basement foundations usually have a better resale value than those that are not.
A full basement, finished or not, is often attractive to potential buyers. If you ask most people who have basement foundations, they will tell you that the space is very useful.
Making Basement Foundations
Basement foundations can be made in several different ways.
1. Steel reinforced poured concrete for basement foundations
The most common foundation used in buildings today because it is extremely versatile; it can take on the appearance of other materials such as brick or stone.
2. Basement Foundations - Concrete block
A traditional method of creating a basement foundation; it is important to use strong reinforcements to ensure the foundation is strong.
3. Pre-cast concrete foundation walls for your basement
One of the new types of basement foundations; they are pre-cast offsite and are especially useful in areas where a foundation is difficult to build.
4. Basement Foundations - Insulated concrete forms
These are made from foamed plastic, they are quickly becoming a popular choice for residential buildings; when set in place, they create a cavity in which concrete is pumped into. Once the concrete dries, there is room left to run electrical wires and plumbing. They also serve to help with thermal and acoustic insulation.
No matter what material is used for the foundation, an important consideration is ensuring that the basement remains dry. This is not difficult if the builder applies a real waterproofing material such as liquid asphalt with rubber additives or synthetic rubber to protect the basement from water leakage.