The bed is the centerpiece of any bedroom. In its most basic form, a bed typically consists of a frame, a box-spring, and a mattress. It is recommended that the largest bed that will fit comfortably in a room be purchased to ensure the best possible sleep.


Beds come in a variety of standard sizes. These are:

  • Twin
  • Full
  • Queen
  • King.

There are some variations on these sizes, but most mattresses will be available in one of these four sizes.Mattresses can be made of a number of materials. The most common type of mattress has springs covered by padding.


Mattress padding can also be made of or include:

  • Air
  • Foam
  • Memory gel
  • Water.

Whatever type of padding it uses, the mattress will have any outer layer, usually cloth but, in the case of waterbeds and some airbeds, sometimes plastic or other materials.

For further information on mattresses see the following article from Mattresses.

Box Springs

The box spring goes under a typical mattress to provide even support. Because water beds do not use box springs, the frame holds the mattress itself.

Types of Beds

Other varieties of beds available include:

1. Bunk beds

Bunk beds are two beds stacked on top of each other, freeing up room when multiple beds are needed.

2. Day beds

Day beds are designed for twin-size beds and have a headboard, typically metal, running along the length of the bed.

3. Futons

These are beds that are folded into a couch when not being used as a bed.

4. Sofa beds

Sofas with a mattress folded inside; when the bed is needed, the sofa cushions are removed and the bed is pulled out.

5. Trundle beds

These are beds that can be folded down and placed underneath other beds.


Other Options

Another part of typical beds is the furniture that accompanies the mattress set. The most typical forms are:

  • Headboards
  • Four-poster beds
  • Sleigh beds.


These make the bed a focal point, extending its lines upward so that it is more visually pleasing. Headboards can be made of any material, from wood to metal, and can come plain or upholstered in any type of material, including leather.

Four-poster beds

These beds have tall poles on each corner. These can come with or without an accompanying headboard. They are available in wood and metal. Four-poster beds can also accommodate canopies, which are lengths of material that drape down to cover or accent the bed.

Sleigh beds

These beds are usually wood and have a headboard and a footboard that match. The footboard is typically shorter than the headboard. Sleigh beds can also have wood that extends along the side, with the mattress and box-spring sitting inside.