When decorating or furnishing your home, one of your main considerations will be what kind of carpeting to get. Carpeting refers to any woven floor covering and comes in many sizes, shapes, colors, textures, and designs. It can serve as a protection for your floors as well as a statement in beauty and design. Carpet has advantages over a wood floor in that it absorbs sound, creates a more comfortable walking environment, and will not create glare. The design, texture, and color scheme you choose will create a particular feel for your home, whether it is contemporary, rustic, or traditional.


Carpet-Making Processes

Starting with the basics, there are different methods by which carpets are made.

1. Woven carpets

Woven carpets are the most popular and most costly. They are produced on a large loom with various colored yarns that can produce a variety of designs.

2. Tufted carpets

Tufted carpets are produced with a tufting machine, using either a single-colored or non-colored yarn that will later be dyed in a separate process. Tufting is a more efficient method than weaving and is less expensive than woven carpets.

3. Needlefelt carpets

Needlefelt carpets are produced by a technologically advanced method involving synthetic fibers and are most often seen in high-traffic commercial venues, as they boast high durability.


Carpet Materials

There are key points to keep in mind when installing carpet. The natural fiber choices are wool, silk, cotton, and linen. Wool is the most popular choice because it is durability, strength, and fire retardant properties. Man-made fibers include nylon, polyester, acrylic, and rayon. Nylon is the most widely used as it is wear-resistant, resilient, and masks stains well.

Variety of Carpet Designs

Within these fiber categories, there are various types of designs.

1. Loop Pile Carpet

Loop pile carpet is a tightly woven carpet that has a looped or circular, knobby look to it. Loop piles are typically seen in higher traffic areas.

2. Cut Pile Carpet

A cut pile is similar to a loop pile except that the tops of the loops are cut, which produces a softer, plusher feel to it.

3. Velvet Pile Carpet

Velvet pile carpets are particularly luxurious and soft and can create a double-tone look with opposing direction of fibers. Wool is typically used to create them.

4. Hard Twist Pile Carpet

A hard twist pile is tightly woven and creates a pebble-like design. These carpets are versatile and used for a simple or muted look.


Things to Consider When Choosing a Carpet

When choosing any carpet, consider whether you desire something plush, durable, soft, or even-toned. If you are carpeting a high traffic area, you'll want to go with a heavier domestic or even light commercial grade. Consider the room size, color scheme, patterns, and desired ambience.