Ceramic is a versatile compound made up of inorganic non-metallic heated materials. It can be used for many things such as pieces of art work, tiles found the home, medical devices, and even as dental implants. One of the most commonly seen uses of ceramic is in home flooring design.
Benefits of Ceramic Tile Flooring
Ceramic tiles, made from a combination of clay compositions and other inorganic materials, are a popular choice in tile design. Because ceramic is a man-made material, it is predictable in composition, as opposed to stone, which is a natural material and susceptible to variations. Ceramic is not an absorbent material and is only slightly porous. It is lightweight and thin compared to stone. Ceramic tiles are affordable, low-maintenance, and can easily blend with any room decor. They come in various tile sizes, shapes, thicknesses, and colors, and are either glazed or unglazed.
Glazed vs. Unglazed Ceramic Tiles
Glazed tiles are the more common choice and are designed with a ceramic coating that is applied under extreme heating conditions, resulting in a tile that is stain, scratch, slip, and fire resistant. Glazed tiles are also easy to clean with most common household cleaners. Unglazed ceramic tiles have consistent color on both sides of the tile, are not coated, undergo a single finishing, and result in a durable tile most commonly seen in high traffic commercial areas, since they do not stain easily.
Common Ceramic Tiles
Some commonly seen ceramic floor tiles include porcelain, quarry, terracotta, and terrazzo.
1. Porcelain tiles
Porcelain tiles are smooth, fine grain, unglazed, and can be finished in a high gloss. Porcelain is durable under all conditions but it can also easily crack. Porcelain tiles are relatively easy to replace, however. Their non-porous surface makes them ideal for kitchens and bathrooms.
2. Quarry tiles
Quarry tiles are also unglazed, made from clay or shale, and are most commonly seen in deep shades of red or brown.
3. Terracotta tiles
Terracotta tiles are made of red clay and have a Mexican look to them. They can vary in color and appearance and may come pre-finished or a coating may be added.
4. Terrazzo tiles
Terrazzo tiles have a smooth sheen to them and are designed with marble or granite chips, which can add attractive design to them.
For more information on ceramic floorring see the following article from HomeDoctor.net: Kitchen Flooring - Ceramic Tile Flooring.