Epoxy floors are concrete floors that are painted with an epoxy coating. Also known as polymer seamless floors, they typically have a clear or colored finish, and often are a replacement for concrete sealants. Epoxy floors are used in industrial settings as well as in garages, pool decks, work areas, and laundry rooms in private homes.
Benefits of Epoxy Floor Coverings
Epoxy floors are durable and are slip-, stain-, and dust-resistant. Epoxy floors reflect natural or artificial light and are easy to clean. They are also resistant to chemical spills. Provided surfaces are prepared correctly, epoxy floor coatings are extremely durable. They come in several colors including clear, silver-gray, and slate-gray and may also be tinted to a specific color using a white or dark base color.
When Epoxy Floor Coverings Should Not Be Used
Epoxy floor coatings can be used for both exterior and interior applications, but should not be used on vertical surfaces, wood, or metal surfaces, or where there is standing water at any time of the year. Likewise if there are high levels of moisture below grade under a garage or basement slab, epoxy floor coatings should not be used.
Types of Epoxy Floor Coverings
There are several types of epoxy floors including thin mil floor coatings, self-leveling, quartz broadcast, and troweled polymer floor systems.
- Thin mil floor coatings are used in garages and are similar to a concrete sealer.
- Self-leveling polymer floor coatings are used for concrete floors that have chipped or flaked and need resurfacing. They are perfect for high-traffic areas but should not be used where there are high levels of moisture below grade.
- Quartz broadcast polymer floor systems are made from a mixture of tiny pieces of quartz and polymer. The quartz adds color to the floor.
- Troweled polymer floor systems are made from a mixture of silicon aggregate and polymer and are used for industrial applications only.
Light Duty Epoxy Floor Coverings
There are also "light duty" epoxy floor coatings for concrete floors that are sold for general home use. Epoxy coatings can also be used on stonework, brick, and other types of masonry. These finishes are also resistant to chemical spills such as oil and gasoline. In addition, they do not peel or crack, and they are scuff and tire mark resistant, making them perfect for garages, driveways, and basements.