For many American homeowners, a luscious green lawn is a pride and joy. Yellow grass and excessive weeds are not only aesthetically displeasing and embarrassing; they can also sometimes bring down the perceived property value of the neighborhood. A luscious green lawn is hardly attainable without proper lawn care. There are two main ingredients to lawn care: preparation and maintenance.

Preparing Your Lawn

There are six steps in the preparation stage. First, scarify the soil and rake to remove dead grass and debris as well as to prevent tufting. Second, even out the high or low spots in the lawn by removing the soil in the high spots and adding topsoil and grass seed in the low spots. Third, conduct a reputable soil test. Follow the steps and treatments recommended by the test result. Fourth, check for soil compaction and, if it is too compact, aerate it; aerating, or removing small cores of soil, increases water penetration, nutrient penetration, and the amount of air that reaches the roots. Fifth, check for excessive thatch, or a dense layer of organic matter that forms between the leaves and roots of your lawn, by cutting a slice of your lawn and examining between the leaves and roots. If the thatch gets over a half an inch thick, it prevents air, water and nutrients from reaching the roots and the effects are detrimental to the lawn. You can remove thatch with a power rake or a dethatcher. Finally, if you are filling a bare spot or reseeding your lawn, seed the right kind of grass and properly follow the fertilizing and irrigation schedule that applies to your specific turfgrass.

Maintaining Your Lawn

There are also four steps to the maintenance stage. First, water deeply so that the water reaches the roots. If you have an automated sprinkler system, turn it on and observe it as it runs. Make sure each sprinkler is properly adjusted so that the lawn is evenly and deeply watered. Second, mow the grass regularly to an even height. Third, check your soil regularly to inspect for disease and weeds. Weeds compete with grasses for water and nutrients, and make your lawn look displeasing, so it is important for you to remove the weeds by applying appropriate herbicides as soon as you spot them. Fourth, select and apply appropriate fertilizers and pesticides. Generally, nitrogen, chloride, potassium, molybdenum, calcium, magnesium, magnesium, manganese, sulfur, boron copper, iron, zinc, and phosphorus are fertilizer nutrients that are good for your lawn.